Fairey Swordfish In Action
The British Fleet Air Arm (FAA) operated three main types of aircraft during the 1920s and 1930s: the fleet fighter, the torpedo-bomber, and the spotter-reconnaissance aircraft. These aircraft operated from the Royal Navy's fleet of aircraft carriers, which totaled six by 1930. In 1933. the Fairey Aviation Company submitted a design which combined some of these three roles and met other specifications already issued by the British Air Ministry. The resulting aircraft, by Fairey designer Marcclle Lunelle, was known as the TSR I (Torpedo-Spotter-Reconnaissancc). It was to be powered by a 525 horsepower (hp) Rolls-Royce Kestrel v-12. liquid-cooled in-line engine. The aircraft would be capable of easily switching from a wheeled undercarriage to floats for waterbome operations.